The Cairo topographic map shows elevation, hills and landforms in Cairo. This elevation map of Cairo will allow you to know topography, river and relief of Cairo in Egypt. The Cairo topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The altitude of Egypt ranges from 133 m (436 ft elevation) below sea level in the Libyan Desert to 2,629 m (8,625 ft) above in the Sinai Peninsula as you can see in Cairo elevation map. The Nile Delta is a broad, alluvial land, sloping to the sea for some 160 km (100 mi), with a 250-km (155-mi) maritime front between Alexandria (Al-Iskandariyah) and Port Sa'id. South of Cairo, most of the country (known as Upper Egypt) is a tableland rising to some 460 m (1,500 ft). The narrow valley of the Nile is enclosed by cliffs as high as 550 m (1,800 ft) as the river flows about 900 km (560 mi) from Aswan to Cairo. A series of cascades and rapids at Aswan, known as the First Cataract (the other cataracts are in the Sudan), forms a barrier to movement upstream.
The outstanding topographic feature of Cairo is the Nile River, on which human existence depends, for its annual floods provide the water necessary for agriculture. Before the completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1970, the floods, lasting generally from August to December, caused the river level to rise about 5 m (16 ft). Now, however, floodwaters can be stored, making it possible to provide year-round irrigation and to reclaim about 1 million feddans (about 1.04 million acres) of land. Damming the Nile resulted in the creation of Lake Nasser, a reservoir 292 km (181 mi) long and 9–18 km (6–11 mi) wide as its shown in Cairo elevation map.
The elevation for Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Egypt is: 26.74 meters as its mentioned in Cairo elevation map. While New Cairo has a higher elevation than down town Cairo, that is why the temperatures often drop below zero during winter causing morning frost. Low winter temperatures are due in part to its altitude, which ranges between 250 meters and 350 meters above sea level, and partly to the rapid cooling at night characteristic of desert environments. The contrast to Cairo is also exaggerated due to Cairo island heating effect.